An essential for the forest garden, wild bergamot is a hardy native perennial that attracts pollinators and offers numerous medicinal uses. The entire aboveground plant is edible.
Common Name: Wild Bergamot, Bee Balm, Horsemint
Scientific Name: Monarda fistulosa (pink), Monarda didyma (red)
Sweet and minty edible flowers, excellent for tea.
- Attracts beneficial lacewings
- Aromatic pest confuser
Forest Garden Designing
- Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
- Plant Leaf Type: Deciduous
- Layer Use: Herbaceous
- Pollination: Self-fertile
- Flowering: June through September
- Leaf Shape: Ovate or ovate-cordate, serrated margins
- Height: 2-4′
- Width: 2-6′
- USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
- Light: Full-part sun
- Shade: Tolerates light shade
- Moisture: Prefers moist soil but tolerates dry soils well; suitable for xeriscaping
- pH: prefers neutral soil (6.8 – 7.2)
- Stem cuttings
Every few years, divide and replant one of the divisions in its original location to ensure adequate growing space.
- Tolerates juglone from walnut trees.