Rosemary

Rosemary is a staple in any culinary garden. Used as an herb, rosemary offers a pleasant floral pine flavor, as well as a myriad of benefits to your overall health. Here at the Little House on Pine, we use rosemary in our Rosemary Focaccia Bread. The past few years have brought extremely harsh winters and so to keep it sheltered from cold winters, we designed and planted a “Mediterranean Guild” using permaculture principles. The guild also includes fig and pomegranate trees, prickly pear, rue, horehound, coreopsis, and strawberry and other heat-loving plants. This guild is on the south side of the house and sloping so as to trap heat from the sun and whisk away cold air from the soil surface.


Common Name: Rosemary
Scientific Name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Family: Lamiaceae


Rosemary is a great plant to incorporate into a culinary permaculture guild.

Rosemary is a great plant to incorporate into a culinary permaculture guild.

Uses

  • Culinary herb: Good for baking, cooking, and tea
  • Aromatic pest confuser
  • Nectary for hummingbirds and beneficial insects
  • Shelter for lacewing eggs

Medicinal Properties

Not only is rosemary a pleasant flavor, it is also amazingly beneficial to your health.

  • Carminative
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antiseptic
  • Liver tonic
  • Clears mind
  • Brain tonic
  • Antioxidant

Forest Garden Designing

  • Plant Type: Shrubby perennial
  • Plant Leaf Type: Evergreen
  • Layer Use: Shrub, groundcover
  • Flowering: April-October
  • Leaf Shape: Oblong, narrow shape
  • Height: 3-4′
  • Width: 3-4′

Planting Considerations

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9
  • Light: Full sun
  • Shade: Tolerates light shade
  • Moisture: Somewhat dry to moist
  • pH: 5.5-7.5

Propagation

  • Cuttings

Maintenance

Rosemary will continue to grow at a slow-medium rate as a shrub. Rosemary can tolerate cold weather, but a harsh winter can kill it as its roots are fibrous and relatively shallow. If you experience such weather, it is best to plant rosemary along the southern side of a house or structure that can hold heat.

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