Beyond the burst of spring color, daffodils indicate how microclimates vary across a neighborhood or in sections of a yard. When planted as a border they offer a barrier against predation from mammals. A bright beginning to the spring phenological clock.

Common Name: Daffodil
Scientific Name: Narcissus spp.
Family: Amaryllidaceae

Daffodil planted near a cherry tree.

Daffodils planted near a cherry tree.


  • Spring ephemeral groundcover
  • Bulbs outcompete grass roots
  • Deters squirrel, deer, rabbits, chipmunks, and voles

Forest Garden Designing

  • Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
  • Plant Leaf Type: Deciduous
  • Layer Use: Herbaceous, root
  • Flowering: April
  • Leaf Shape: Narrow leaf blades
  • Height: 3-12″
  • Width: indefinite

Planting Considerations

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-10
  • Light: Full-part sun
  • Shade: Tolerates moderate shade
  • Moisture: Dry to moist soils; will not tolerate waterlogged locations
  • pH: 6-7


Easy to propagate from bulblets that are peeled off the parent bulb or underground stem and planted in fall; will self-naturalize and slowly spread in an area.


Allow the plants to grow until they die off; deadhead if a tidy appearance is desired.

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